Not just pain: what is lumbago and how to protect yourself

Do you know what lumbago is? We will talk about what causes this type of pain and how to deal with it.

Не просто боль: что такое люмбаго и как обезопасить себя

Back pain is noted by many, but it is important to distinguish its varieties, since they carry different risks. Lumbago is a general term to describe the symptoms of lower back and back pain, which can sometimes be felt in the legs. It can be caused by several factors, but is usually caused by everyday activities such as dressing, loading the dishwasher, working with a vacuum cleaner or lawn mower, lifting a child or heavy shopping.

When the muscles of the back tense up, as if they were under attack, the body reacts, striving to provide the spine with protection from injury. There is a contraction or shortening of the muscles, which causes the inability to sit, stand or walk straight. In such cases, if you try to sit down, the strained muscles cause immediate pain.

Не просто боль: что такое люмбаго и как обезопасить себя

You are probably familiar with the situation when you were standing at the stove one moment, and the next moment you can’t get up from the sofa. If you suddenly lost the ability to stand or walk straight, know that this is a common first sign of lumbago. Pain in the legs can also be a starting signal of future lower back pain due to the reflected sensations from shortening of muscles and pinching of nerves located in the lower back. In addition, stiffness, soreness or pain in the hips may be felt. The duration of any of the attacks can vary depending on the level of nerve damage and range from several days to weeks or even months.

The fact that pain can manifest in different areas often makes it difficult to make a correct diagnosis. That is why it is so important to know about the features of lumbago.

Не просто боль: что такое люмбаго и как обезопасить себя

How to protect yourself from back and lower back pain caused by cramped muscles? Experts recommend, first of all, to exercise regularly. Physical activity of almost any intensity, from low to moderate, is suitable. Power loads are possible, but it is important to warm up well and work on the technique so as not to injure the muscles and ligaments. Maintaining a healthy weight and sticking to a sensible diet aimed at maintaining muscle and bones can also be a good idea.

Try to balance the mode of sitting, standing and walking, giving a uniform load on the muscles of the lower back and performing exercises that help strengthen the muscular corset. This will help to distribute weight correctly in everyday life and when doing sports to avoid injuries and back pain.

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