New (old) virus: how covid is infected now

Fatigue from anti-virus measures makes many people relax, but it is not worth doing this. Here are the 3 most common modern causes of infection, which depress with their banality.

Новый (старый) вирус: как сейчас заражаются ковидом

The pandemic has been going on for two years, during which a large number of coronavirus variants have appeared, and with them all sorts of difficulties. How does the disease proceed today, where and how are they most often infected and why, after everything the world has done to protect against covid, is it still not defeated?

While experts are still studying the virus and its variants, doctors continue to monitor outbreaks of infections in different parts of the world. How do people get infected today and what can be done to protect themselves from a dangerous disease and its frightening consequences?

Vaccine denial

Новый (старый) вирус: как сейчас заражаются ковидом

According to infectious diseases expert and pioneering researcher Dr. Serhat Gumrukku, “given the constant surge in the number of positive cases of Omicron, it is obvious that many factors contributed to the most recent mutation. Some of the main ways people get infected with the virus are low vaccination rates and lack of social distancing. Mass public gatherings held in confined spaces with the participation of people who are not 100% fully vaccinated have also led to an increase in the number of COVID-19 cases.” In fact, many have either never been vaccinated before, or have been vaccinated for a long time or have been ill and have forgotten about re-vaccination. The level of antibodies must be maintained at a level that can protect against infection or at least reduce the consequences of the disease and ease its course. So it’s not time to switch off from the vaccination process yet.

Lack of social distance

Новый (старый) вирус: как сейчас заражаются ковидом

As mentioned above, in addition to the inattentive attitude to vaccines, a significant role in the epidemic is played by the violation of epidemiological safety measures. Many have stopped paying attention to social distancing and are abandoning personal protective equipment, returning to doc-like habits. “If you think of a cold winter morning when we can see our breath as we exhale — imagine these clouds now, imagine clouds of breath around,” says LetsGetChecked’s executive director of epidemiology, Dr. Gwen Murphy. And now imagine all these people together in a room without open windows – clouds of exhaled air will just hang in the air, and they will have nowhere to go. Droplets of the virus fall on someone else or are inhaled by someone else. Meeting outdoors or leaving doors and windows open means drops are less likely to hang in the air and hopefully less likely to hit other people.”

“Coronavirus is very easily transmitted—” warns Dr. Gwen. — Although the highest risk of infection occurs when you come into contact with a sick person, now we all know that you can get infected from people who have no symptoms or are not showing symptoms yet. In fact, people are most contagious in the days before symptoms appear. The virus will spread in the form of small liquid droplets (some visible, some not) from the mouth or nose of an infected person when he coughs or sneezes, speaks, sings or even breathes. You get infected when you inhale these droplets or aerosols or when they come into contact with your eyes, nose or mouth.”

Refusal of personal protective equipment

Новый (старый) вирус: как сейчас заражаются ковидом

Non-compliance with security measures in the conditions of the epidemic is the scourge of recent times. Being in contact or just next to a person who has already contracted coronavirus, but has not yet isolated himself at home, still carries serious risks, but we can still protect ourselves from such contacts. Therefore, it is better to continue trying to keep a distance and use personal protective equipment, not to touch your face or food with your hands and, if possible, stay away from sneezing and coughing people, or at least wear a mask to reduce risks. Dr. Luke Palmisano, MD and Deputy Medical Director of the emergency Department of Dignity Health California Hospital explains: “COVID is a virus that is transmitted by small drops of saliva. It can persist outside someone’s throat for several hours, so don’t let one of these little droplets of saliva (which you can’t see) get on any mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth, throat, lungs, anus and vagina can also get infectious droplets, although to a lesser extent degrees)”.

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