After breakfast, 3 minutes, up and down movements – do you think you know everything about proper brushing of teeth? We do not claim that this is not the case, but we offer to test ourselves.
If you start the day with a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice (or a “green” smoothie), then it’s time to give up this habit. And if you haven’t come to her yet, you shouldn’t even start. We tell you why.
We are talking about dental health, which, as you know, is not only financially, but also emotionally very expensive to treat. The results of a study by notorious British scientists have shown that today 3 out of 10 Englishmen brush their teeth only once a day. And their American counterparts came to the absolutely fantastic conclusion that the average mass of millennials (and subsequent generations) after a short time will completely switch to brushing their teeth every 2-3 days. Dentists around the world are sounding the alarm: caries is rapidly getting younger, and today they have to remove baby teeth five times more often than it was ten years ago.
The reason? Firstly, sweets, more precisely, the bacteria that desserts leave behind. But you can’t sin only on chocolate and carbonated drinks. Even if your family is strict adherents of healthy lifestyle, natural sugars contained in healthy snacks, natural fruit juices and smoothies will not spare your teeth. Secondly, improper oral hygiene. It would seem that brush your teeth twice a day for at least 60 seconds (few people are able to relax with a brush behind the cheek for 3-3.5 minutes) — and no problem. But not everything is so simple.
A complete guide to how (and what) you need to brush your teeth properly
Step One: Electric Brush
No, your dentist is not a “salesman”: electric devices are really many times more effective than conventional brushes. Plaque on the teeth — an unpleasant sticky substance that you can feel with your tongue if you don’t brush your teeth for a long time — is eliminated much faster and with less effort with an electric brush. You will have to spend money, but there is also good news – standard electric brushes are no worse than improved analogues. This means that you can buy a device for 12 thousand rubles with a tongue cleaning nozzle and the ability to connect to the phone to monitor the correctness of the process online, but in fact it will clean your teeth in the same way as a brush for 2.5 thousand rubles. The secret of the advantage over a conventional manual toothbrush is the rotating head, thanks to which a more effective effect is achieved. That is why the electric brush does not need to be moved “up and down” as usual: just press it firmly against the surface of the tooth for a few seconds, and then slowly move it to the next one. But one useful additional function electric toothbrushes definitely have is a timer that will remind you with a sound that 30 seconds or a minute of brushing has already expired.
Step Two: The simpler, the better
Replacing an analog brush with an electric one requires some effort (not only financial). If you are not ready for them yet, carefully choose a regular brush that needs to be changed every three months (and this is not a myth). Pay attention to the characteristics of the bristles. A hard brush can give a feeling of absolute cleanliness of teeth, but studies show that the downside of this is the likelihood of erosion of tooth enamel. Simply put, brushes with stiff bristles can be too abrasive and traumatic not only for gums, but also for teeth.
Dentists advise sticking to the golden mean and choosing brushes with soft or medium-hard bristles. Brushes with a small head, no matter how ridiculous they may seem, are also preferable — they are very maneuverable and well reach all three surfaces of the tooth (external, internal and “chewing”).
Step three: Rinse aid – only between cleanings
If you have a good brush and a high-quality paste, then a mouthwash is an extra third. Dentists advise using it exclusively in between toothbrushes to “refresh”, well, or continue to throw money away. It is also worth mentioning here that recently there have been many studies-horror stories that regular use of a mouthwash causes cancer of the larynx (allegedly due to alcohol additives in the composition). There is still no convincing evidence that this is the case, as well as strong arguments that it is necessary to rinse your mouth after brushing your teeth.
Step Four: Don’t brush Your teeth after Dinner
Just one caveat: if you had a good walk at this dinner. Brushing your teeth before collapsing on the bed to get rid of the unpleasant aromatic cocktail in your mouth is a natural desire after a great evening. Dentists strongly advise not to do this: it is better to just rinse your mouth thoroughly and brush your teeth in the morning. Otherwise, you can do more harm than good by cleaning, especially if the alcoholic beverages consumed were effervescent. Sparkling wine or cocktails with soda soften the enamel of teeth with acidity, therefore, while little time has passed, it is necessary to refrain from aggressive effects with a brush and paste. When you really want to refresh your mouth, you can use a mouthwash — this is just one of the few cases when it will be appropriate.
Step Five: Check the paste for fluoride content
Do you choose toothpaste based on the amount of fluoride it contains? If not, then it’s time to start doing it. Dentists explain that it is fluoride that counteracts the process of demineralization of tooth enamel, which occurs in the oral cavity when sugar gets there (it’s time to get rid of the illusion that you don’t get it, since you don’t use it in its “pure” form). Adult toothpaste should have at least 1400 ppm of fluoride in the composition, and children should be offered only baby toothpaste (and in accordance with age): when brushing their teeth, they usually swallow part of the foam, and the level of fluoride in the adult paste is too high for their body.
Step Six: Use dental floss every day (or never)
Floss is the best way to deal with plaque in hard-to-reach places between the teeth. One caveat: doctors say that if you are not going to devote a few minutes a day to flossing the interdental spaces, it is better not to do it at all. The thing is this: with the help of a floss, you have successfully freed the interdental space from food residues, but at the same time you have also disturbed the gum a little. On average, after 24 hours, plaque — the same sticky film that you feel when you run your tongue over your teeth – has formed again, and if you forget about dental floss for 2-3 days, bacteria can spread to the gums that have become vulnerable. Floss is a great thing, but honestly evaluate your ability to use it regularly.
Step Seven: Don’t brush your teeth right after breakfast
It would seem that what is the problem? But the time of day when you pick up the brush is of great importance. Brushing your teeth should be the last action with the oral cavity before going to bed, and cleaning is unusual from our point of view. British dentists advise that after you have brushed your teeth, do not rinse your mouth: just spit the remnants of paste, foam and saliva into the sink, wash up and go to bed — let the remnants of toothpaste conscientiously work for another 15-20 minutes while you fall asleep.
In the morning, brush your teeth as soon as you wake up to get rid of the night raid and not give the bacteria in your mouth a chance to multiply when you eat something. So you will go to breakfast with a lower risk of developing caries. If the thought of oral hygiene after a cup of cappuccino does not let go — just brush your teeth again.
Step Eight: Chew sugar-free gum
Another big mistake is brushing your teeth right after you have drunk or eaten something sour. In this case, it is better to restore the freshness and cleanliness of the oral cavity with chewing gum, rather than a toothbrush. Chewing gum will help generate more saliva in the oral cavity, which naturally neutralizes acid. Do I need to explain why it should be sugar-free? By the way, you can fight the destructive effect of an acidic environment with the help of calcium: drink a glass of milk or eat a piece of cheese — this will help to neutralize the damage caused to tooth enamel.