Some dental defects greatly spoil the beauty of a smile and cause a lot of discomfort. Fortunately, there is a popular method in dentistry that helps to make them visually more aesthetic and healthier — for a long time and, most importantly, for little money.
If human teeth could recover at least half as actively as a lizard’s tail, the need for dentists could be significantly reduced. But, unfortunately, this is not the case. Abnormal shape and size, chips, cracks, and other mechanical defects greatly reduce the functionality of teeth, and spots, darkening, carious shells and hard deposits significantly worsen their appearance.
The presence of such defects causes a lot of problems, but modern dentistry has a number of highly effective methods of how to deal with them. Bonding is one of the most popular and in demand. In our article, together with the owner of Dr. SHIPKOV dental clinic, Vladimir Shipkov, we tell the most important things about the features of this technology and in which cases and to whom it will be useful.
What is it?
Bonding is a technology for restoring the physical, functional and aesthetic properties of teeth. It consists in layer-by-layer application of composite light-curing material to the problem areas of the tooth. With the help of bonding, you can restore the size, shape, color of the tooth, that is, improve its aesthetic characteristics. The procedure does not require significant financial and time costs, and the result from it is preserved for 7-10 years. However, it should be understood that it largely depends on the qualifications of the dentist, so it is advisable to do bonding only in trusted clinics.
What is the essence of the technology?
Bonding involves preliminary mechanical cleaning and etching of the tooth area that is subject to restoration. The latter is realized by applying a special composition. After processing, the surface acquires additional adhesive properties, becoming rough. The composite composition on such a site will hold much stronger.
The composite itself is applied in thin layers, each of which is exposed to ultraviolet radiation for solidification. At the final stage, the restored tooth is given the correct shape and glossiness, which are achieved through grinding and mechanical polishing.
Polymer materials for bonding are presented in a wide variety of colors and shades. A competent doctor will select the one that suits you specifically and make the restoration so that it would be almost impossible to visually distinguish it from the tissues of the native tooth. On average , an experienced dentist takes about an hour to restore one tooth .
What problems can be solved with the help of bonding?
Below we offer a list of the most common problems that bonding helps to deal with:
the tooth size is too small (compared to the others in the row);
cracks, chips, carious shells;
gum recession, wedge-shaped defects that occur for this or other reasons;
abnormally large interdental space;
pathological changes in color or shade that cannot be corrected by bleaching;
the irregular shape of the teeth, which violates the aesthetic harmony or reduces their functionality.
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Who wouldn’t like bonding?
Heavy smokers. This is due to the fact that nicotine will quickly make composite restorations frankly unsightly: under its regular influence, they will quickly turn yellow and turn brown much faster than tooth enamel.
In cases with severely damaged teeth. If the tooth has lost 30 and even more than 50% of its volume, it is impractical to apply a composite material. This technology does not provide for the possibility of restoring a large volume of tissues, since in this case the fixation of the restoration and the tooth itself will be extremely unreliable.
Bonding and sealing — what is the difference?
The key differences between bonding and classical sealing are the quality of the materials used and the purpose of the procedures. Basically, fillings are put to eliminate the consequences of caries, while the main attention is paid to their strength and durability. Bonding also takes care of the external attractiveness of teeth, but has a number of advantages.
Among the main ones are minimally invasive (adjacent areas of the tooth and tissue are not damaged, anesthesia is not required) and a relatively high rate of tooth restoration with an excellent final result. However, it is important to understand that the results of using this technology cannot be compared with metal-free restorations in naturalness, beauty, strength and durability.
Bonding is suitable as an intermediate solution or a relatively low-cost option for restoring the integrity of teeth and their external attractiveness. The implementation of more serious changes requires the use of more advanced technologies.
About the author:
Dentist, owner and chief physician of the clinic Dr. SHIPKOV dental clinic.