Today, varicose veins are one of the most common ailments among women. At the same time, not all representatives of the fair sex are well aware of this disease and therefore cannot prevent its development in time. We correct the situation and tell you what the most common actions increase the risk of varicose veins.
Varicose veins have become increasingly common among young girls. Despite the fact that the main reason for the development of this pathology is a genetic predisposition, varicose veins are often associated with lifestyle. What mistakes dangerous to the health of veins we make every day and what to do with their consequences — we tell together with the surgeon-phlebologist of the First professional network of orthopedic salons ORTEK Armen Avakian.
Mistake #1: Continuous sitting
The blood through the veins of the lower extremities returns to the heart from the bottom up against the force of gravity. When we move, the muscles of the lower leg contract, press on the veins and thereby stimulate the outflow of blood. Its correct flow is provided by venous valves. They allow blood to flow to the heart, but do not allow it to go in the opposite direction.
When we sit or stand, the valves close to prevent the backflow of blood. If you stay in this position for a long time, blood stagnation occurs, which forces the vessels to stretch. On an ongoing basis, such a load can lead to malfunction of the valves and the development of varicose veins. Therefore, this disease is most often affected by those who work in the office and generally lead a sedentary lifestyle.
Mistake #2: Working on your feet without rest
Prolonged stay in an upright position also increases the risk of developing varicose veins, since in such a situation the blood is forced to go against the force of gravity. Its reverse outflow is restrained by venous valves, which are under heavy load at the same time. The vessels themselves suffer. As a result, teachers, doctors, hairdressers, makeup artists and representatives of other “standing” professions often face venous diseases.
Mistake #2: Grueling workouts
Too intense sports activities do not benefit the body, and in some cases they only harm. This is especially true for strength training, which creates excessive intra-abdominal pressure. The inferior vena cava is located in the abdomen. All other veins of the lower extremities flow into it. When lifting weights, the pressure in the vessels increases, which contributes to the development of varicose veins.
Mistake #3: Neglect of hiking
Muscles contract and stimulate the outflow of venous blood only when moving. If we walk a little, we move all the time on our own or public transport, the work of the venous system becomes more complicated. A sedentary lifestyle increases the likelihood of blood stagnation and edema.
Mistake #4: Uncomfortable shoes
Narrow high-heeled shoes are not the most successful option for everyday shoes. Because of the heels, the muscles of the lower leg do not work properly: they overexert themselves unnecessarily and therefore do not effectively stimulate the outflow of blood. Tight shoes with a narrow nose can exert excessive pressure on the forefoot and, accordingly, blood vessels. As a result, blood circulation is also disrupted.
Mistake #5: Improper nutrition
Excessive consumption of salty foods, heavy foods and fast carbohydrates makes the blood more viscous and worsens its outflow. Excess weight caused by improper nutrition overloads the venous system and negatively affects the condition of the veins.
Mistake #6: Neglect of compression knitwear
Compression knitwear promotes the proper outflow of venous blood. Not wearing these products, especially if you are at risk of varicose veins, is a big mistake. Compression knitwear is recommended for use during sedentary or standing work, intense physical exertion, long trips and during pregnancy.
It is worth noting that pregnancy can explain why women are more likely than men to face varicose veins. During this period, the woman’s body experiences enormous loads. The venous system also has a difficult time: the growing uterus puts pressure on the veins of the pelvis, which worsens the outflow of blood. In addition, a change in the hormonal background that occurs during pregnancy can also provoke the occurrence of varicose veins.
How to fix the situation?
The simplest effective way to prevent varicose veins is walking, during which the muscles of the lower leg work, contributing to the outflow of venous blood. It is recommended to walk at least an hour a day. To avoid problems with veins, you need to wear compression tights, stockings or knee socks – the products help to combat the negative consequences of working in the office or on your feet.
Try to move more during the day. Lucky for those who work at home. In this case, you can sit without hesitation, with your feet on the table. Yes, when you hold them in an elevated position, the outflow of blood does not have to fight gravity. This can also help those who have a standing profession. Try to find a place where you can place your legs above the level of the heart during rest breaks.
Choose the right shoes for every day. Shoes should have the following elements: a wide nose, a small heel 2-4 cm and a form-resistant backdrop. Of course, you need to do sports, but it’s important not to overdo it. In training, work more with your own weight.
Cardio exercises are useful for the health of veins: running, cycling, swimming and Nordic walking. It is necessary to monitor nutrition and drink enough water every day so that the blood viscosity is normal. If you experience heaviness, pain, fatigue in the legs or swelling, immediately consult a phlebologist for advice.
You will need:
Surgeon-phlebologist of the first professional network of orthopedic salons ORTEK.