A harmless, at first glance, feature can signal very serious diseases.
Joints crunch and creak in many people, and everyone has their own opinion on this: someone thinks that crunching fingers and neck is harmful, someone writes it off as a feature of the body and does not pay attention. It’s good when the creaking is insignificant, but what if the joints crack often and loudly?
So why are the joints cracking?
Before understanding the causes of crunching in the joints, it is important to note that nothing happens in the body by itself. The “feature” is the color of the hair or eyes. And if something crunches, creaks, clicks, hurts, etc., this is not a feature — it is a symptom. Secondly, we should not consider some parts of the human body separately from the rest.
The organism is a single whole. For example, it is impossible to consider the problem of flat feet exclusively within the limits of the feet. Our body is united by muscle chains, ligaments, fascia, which fix the joints. So they are part of a whole organism — a complex mechanical system.
When and why do joint problems occur?
The articular surfaces of the articulating bones coincide with each other with the highest accuracy — literally to hundredths of a millimeter. They glide smoothly and smoothly. However, in practice we get a different picture: joint crunch is a common symptom among people of all ages, including infants, who, in theory, should be fine.
In babies, joint crunch usually appears due to muscle hypotension. The joint itself is healthy, but due to the weakness of the muscles surrounding it, at a certain stage of movement, the articular surfaces “break apart” and a click occurs.
In childhood, joints can creak due to acquired injuries, scoliosis, which negatively affects the body as a whole. The curvature affects the entire body, resulting in deformed joints.
In adults, structural changes in the cartilage and ligaments surrounding the joint are added to the existing disorders. Often, salt deposits occur in them, which interfere with the normal movement of the joint. As a result, it starts to creak.
Acquired injuries can cause the joints to crunch and creak, making it difficult for them to work. In most cases of crunching in the neck, shoulder and elbow joints, we can say that in the past a person suffered a skull injury, and with a crunch in the lower back, pelvis, knee and ankle joints, a coccyx injury took place.
There are a number of aggravating factors that can indirectly affect the work of the joint. In both adults and children, the crunch in the joints in most cases indicates problems of the endocrine system, vitamin D deficiency, trace elements. Such metabolic disorders lead to a weakening of the ligamentous apparatus, as a result of which the joints are not fixed firmly enough, a characteristic crunch appears.
Liver problems can cause a reduction in the formation of joint fluid. In this case, the effect of “old loops” occurs, which no one has lubricated for a long time. Professional overload is another common aggravating factor.
Knee pain as a concomitant symptom
Often, the creaking of the knee joints is only a “sound effect” that accompanies pain in this area. But at the same time, the knees can crunch without any pain.
What can cause knee pain? First, direct injuries, such as torn ligaments, meniscus, systemic diseases like gout and osteoporosis. In young children, pain in the upper part of the lower leg, in the knees is a consequence of scoliosis and endocrine disorders.
There are also a number of diagnoses that cannot be considered full—fledged diseases – these include arthritis and osteoarthritis. They may occur as a result of a previously suffered injury to the coccygeal-sacral region.
Pain and creaking in the knees can accompany disorders such as flat feet and scoliosis, which, in turn, are a consequence of birth trauma. In this case, the load from the spine goes down to the feet, but if a person wears insoles or special orthopedic shoes, he returns the load from the feet to the departments located above. Otherwise, the shins, thighs, knees work in a high-load mode, which eventually causes creaking and pain.
What should I do if my joints crack?
Contact an osteopath. Often the causes of the crunch are associated with violations of the “mechanics”. Only a specialist can identify and eliminate these problems.
See a doctor, in particular, an endocrinologist. Perhaps your body suffers from vitamin D deficiency, lack of trace elements or endocrine disorders, and you need to reconsider your diet and diet.
Do not forget about moderate physical activity. 10,000 steps every day is a very useful activity. Stretching, light exercises — do them regularly.
Swim. This is one of the best types of load for any disorders of the musculoskeletal system. It is safe, as it minimally loads the joints. And with scoliosis, swimming is simply necessary, since it is a symmetrical load on both sides of the body.
Keep an eye on the nutrition. This item is especially relevant for adults. Eat red meat, animal fat. Enter into the diet jelly, jelly, products containing cartilage.
About the author:
An osteopathic doctor.